Parenting is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the activity of raising a child rather than the biological relationship.
Need and Parenting Task
Physical security – the safety of a child's body and life. • Provide physical safety: shelter, clothes, nourishment • To protect a child from dangers; physical care • To care for a child's health
Physical development – appropriate conditions for a healthy growth of a child • To provide a child with the means to develop physically • To train the body of a child, to introduce to exercise • To develop habits of health
Intellectual security – the conditions in which a child's mind can develop • Provide an atmosphere of peace and justice and respect to one's dignity • Provide an environment without fear, threat, and abuse
Intellectual development – providing opportunity to a child to learn • Reading, writing, calculating etc. • Support and/or provide school related learning • Teach social skills and etiquette • Moral and spiritual development. As well as creating an ethics and value systems with social norms that contribute to the child's beliefs, culture; and customs
Emotional security – to help protect a child's psyche • Provide a safe loving environment • Give a child a sense of being loved, being needed, welcomed • Emotional support, encouragement • Attachment, caressing, hugging, touch, etc.
Emotional development – developing the child's ability to love, care, help, etc. • Show empathy and compassion to younger and older, weaker and sicker, etc. • Caring for others, helping grandparents, etc.